Multi Jet Fusion (MJF) is quickly becoming a popular choice for 3D printing prototypes and production parts. Ideal uses for MJF are enclosures, electronics housings, complex ducts, lattice structures and functional assemblies. The technology is capable of 3D printing parts with high detail, as well as suitable for applications that require durability (e.g. snap fits). It is common for designers and engineers to choose this material for short production runs because the MJF process allows for nesting in the z direction. Offering this technology further expands Fathom’s already comprehensive 3D printing and additive manufacturing services.
MJF technology builds parts by laying down a thin layer of powder on a print bed over and over. The inkjet array in the print carriage sweeps over the print bed, jetting two agents downward—a fusing agent, printed where the powder will fuse together and a detailing agent that is used to reduce fusing at the part boundary to achieve greater detail.
Parts with smooth surfaces and complex, intricate features, can all be achieved using Multi Jet Fusion. Other applications include:
|MAXIMUM DIMENSIONS||SUGGESTED MINIMUM
|Nylon 12 (Gray or Dyed Black)||2+ Days||Prototypes, Low-Volume, Short-Run Production||274mm x 370mm x 360mm||1mm||
Nylon 12 is a commonly used thermoplastic that is strong enough for functional prototyping and production parts, small to medium in size—ideal for complex assemblies, housings, enclosures and watertight applications. Achieve smooth surfaces and fine details with this durable material. It provides excellent chemical resistance to oils, greases, aliphatic hydrocarbons and alkalies. Parts produced are a non-uniform light gray and can be dyed a darker color for a uniform appearance.
Before you select MJF for your project, you will want to become familiar with the benefits and limitations.
During Selective Laser Sintering, powdered material is laid down in a thin layer on the build platform. Each cross-section is scanned by a CO2 laser which sinters the material. The platform shifts down one layer and repeats until the part has been made. The part is then removed from the platform after the bin has cooled.
While both Multi Jet Fusion (MJF) and Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) use a thermoplastic polymer powder material, there are differences. The primary difference is the source of heat used during the process. SLS uses lasers to heat each cross-section. MJF uses a fusing agent (ink) distributed onto the powder while an infrared light passes over the platform and fuses the areas that have been inked. Additionally, fusing during MJF happens in a line while SLS fuses each cross-section point by point. While the excess unused material in both technologies can be salvaged and recycled, a greater amount is retrieved by Multi Jet Fusion. Another difference is color. SLS parts are printed in white and then dyed. They may also be gray. MJF parts are printed in light gray and can be dyed black. Both technologies end up with a grainy finish but can achieve a high standard of quality during post-processing.
A: Multi Jet Fusion was developed by Hewlett-Packard (HP).
A: Parts that require internal cavities and complex geometries can be made using Multi Jet Fusion.
A: Parts produced are a non-uniform light grey and can be dyed in dark colors to achieve a uniform appearance (choosing to dye parts will extend lead-time). These parts will feel grainy, similar to other power-based systems such as SLS, but can be further post-processed if desired.
A: The bounding box of the 3D printing system is 284mm x 380mm x 380mm (11.18″ x 14.96″ x 14.96″). Parts beyond this size can be split and adhered together during post-processing.
A: Expect an accuracy of +/-0.3mm up to 100mm or +/-0.003 mm per mm beyond 100mm. The layer height is 80 microns. Fathom recommends a wall thickness minimum of 1mm.
A: Minimum gap is typically 0.5mm between features. For tapping threads, Fathom suggests using threaded inserts for anything under ¼-20 threads.
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|SLS / / Two-day||SLA / / Next-day|
|FDM / / Next-day||DMLS / / Three-day|
|PolyJet / / Same-day||MJF / / Two-day|
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Prototype Tool / / As soon as 10 days
10K Parts / / 10 days
Production Tool / / As soon as 3 weeks
3 & 5 Axis Milling & Turning
(Plastics, Composites and Metals)
Tolerance Accuracy Range
from +/-0.001″ to 0.005″
Injection Molding Adjacent
without High Costs of Metal Tools
Most Commonly Used for High-Volume
Prototyping & Bridge to Production
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